[gmx-developers] stepping through libgromacs
ericirrgang at gmail.com
Mon Feb 27 21:34:25 CET 2017
lldb works well. Thanks for the tip!
On Mon, Feb 27, 2017 at 3:06 PM, David van der Spoel <spoel at xray.bmc.uu.se>
> On 27/02/17 20:44, Eric Irrgang wrote:
>> Hello Gromacs code enthusiasts,
>> Michael suggested I share some observations made while trying to step
>> through Gromacs with GDB in case they warrant further attention or are
>> useful to others, though none are particularly Gromacs-specific.
>> I was building Gromacs master to step through with a debugger.
>> Problematic environments were
>> * OS X 10.12 Sierra with gdb the 7.11, 7.12, and various compilers
>> * various Debian/Ubuntu based Docker containers running in the Mac OS
>> host, gdb 7.11, 7.12, gcc 4.9, various gcc 5 and 6.
>> * various Linux VMs running in VirtualBox on the Mac host
> why not use the lldb debugger on mac os x?
>> I had similar symptoms in each case, but the causes turn out to be
>> OS X 10.12 changed something about the way dynamic linking works, and it
>> appears that gdb does not know how to find the source code and debugging
>> symbols after execution passes into a shared library, so it is hard to
>> step into functions called by, say, gmx, or to set break points.
>> However, the Xcode IDE seems to be fine if cmake is first run with
>> appropriate options.
>> By default, a Docker container does not have sufficient access to the
>> memory to keep track of what function it is in after crossing into the
>> shared library, but this is overcome by running the Docker container
>> with ``--security-opt seccomp=unconfined``
>> VirtualBox has similar problems if you are optimistic enough to try
>> running Docker and VirtualBox at the same time, but you shouldn't.
>> With some compilers I had better results from gdb with different debug
>> compiler flags. The CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug only gave me a '-g'. The most
>> universally successful cmake options were
>> -DCMAKE_CXX_FLAGS_DEBUG='-O0 -g3' -DCMAKE_C_FLAGS_DEBUG='-O0 -g3'
> David van der Spoel, Ph.D., Professor of Biology
> Dept. of Cell & Molec. Biol., Uppsala University.
> Box 596, 75124 Uppsala, Sweden. Phone: +46184714205.
> spoel at xray.bmc.uu.se http://folding.bmc.uu.se
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